» Dhrtarastra Inquires from Sanjaya

Dhrtarastra Inquires from Sanjaya

Dhrtarastra Inquires from Sanjaya

The Vedic scriptures describe the history of the Mahabharata war, the war between the Pandavas and the sons of Dhrtarastra. In the beginning of this Mahabharata war Dhatarastra asked his secretary, Sanjaya, about the situation on the battlefield. Sanjaya was a student of a great sage Vyäsa, and therefore, by the mercy of Vyasa, Sanjaya was able to envision the Battlefield of Kurukñetra even while he was in the palace room of Dhatarastra.

He saw how the Supreme Personality of Godhead was speaking about Himself and His energies to the living entity, Arjuna, a great devotee of the Lord, on the battlefield. The entire study was related to the heart of Sanjaya by the grace of his spiritual master. As Saïjaya began to understand the wonderful conversation, he related it to Dhatarastra.

Sanjaya told the king, “Wherever there is Krsna, the master of all mystics, and wherever there is Arjuna, the supreme archer, there will also certainly be opulence, victory, extraordinary power, and morality. That is my opinion.”

Srila Prabhupada writes in his purport to this verse: “The Bhagavad-gita began with an inquiry of Dhatarastra’s. He was hopeful of the victory of his sons, assisted by great warriors like Bhisma, Dropa and Karna. He was hopeful that the victory would be on his side. But after describing the scene on the battlefield, Saïjaya told the King, “You are thinking of victory, but my opinion is that where Krsna and Arjuna are present, here will be all good fortune.” He directly confirmed that Dhrtarastra could not expect victory for his side. Victory was certain for the side of Arjuna because Krsna was there. Krsna’s acceptance of the post of charioteer for Arjuna was an exhibition of anotheropulence. Krsna is full of all opulences, and renunciation is one of them. There are many instances of such renunciation, for Krsna is also the master of renunciation.

“The fight was actually between Duryodhana and Yudhisthira. Arjuna was fighting on behalf of his elder brother, Yudhisthira. Because Krsna and Arjuna were on the side of Yudhiñöhira, Yudhisthira’s victory was certain. The battle was to decide who would rule the world, and Sanjaya predicted that the power would be transferred to Yudhisthira. It is also predicted here that Yudhisthira, after gaining victory in this battle, would flourish more and more because not only was he righteous and pious but he was also a strict moralist. He never spoke a lie during his life.

“There are many less intelligent persons who take Bhagavad-gitäato be a discussion of topics between two friends on a battlefield. But such a book cannot be scripture. Some may protest that Krsna incited Arjuna to fight, which is immoral, but the reality of the situation is clearly stated: Bhagavad-gita is the supreme instruction in morality. The supreme instruction of morality is stated in the Ninth Chapter, in the thirty-fourth verse: man-mana bhava mad-bhaktah. One must become a devotee of Krsna, and the essence of all religion is to surrender unto Krsna (sarva-dharmän parityajya mäm ekaà çaraëaà vraja). The instructions of Bhagavad-gita constitute the supreme process of religion and of morality. All other processes may be purifying and may lead to this process, but the last instruction of the Gita is the last word in all morality and religion: surrender unto Krsna. This is the verdict of the Eighteenth Chapter.

“From Bhagavad-gita we can understand that to realize oneself by philosophical speculation and by meditation is one process, but to fully surrender unto Krsna is the highest perfection. This is the essence of the teachings of Bhagavad-gita. The path of regulative principles according to the orders of social life and according to the different courses of religion may be a confidential path of knowledge. But although the rituals of religion are confidential, meditation and cultivation of knowledge are still more confidential. And surrender unto Krsna in devotional service in full Krsna consciousness is the most confidential instruction. That is the essence of the Eighteenth Chapter.”